多様的で寛容な日本・Diverse and tolerant Japan


伊藤攘一の個人意見よりも、伊藤攘一がある教授さんから聞いた日本民族についてのセオリー(理論)。
Joi ito: Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan was more diverse and tolerating then it is now.

そのセオリーによると、明治前の日本はもっと多様的で寛容って話があった

JOI ITO WEBから:

Then we talked about Ishihara and plain old-fashioned racism. A university professor pointed out that it was a problem, and described his theory on what may be one of the causes. Japan imported single-race nationalism as a unifying concept from Germany during the Meiji period. The Japanese word, minzoku, which refers to its people comes from das volk. Japan forced a national dialect and basically centralized control and stamped out a great deal of diversity in order to empower the central government under this process. Before this, Japan was more diverse and more tolerant. Later, this would blow up as a working philosophy in Nazi Germany and Japan. However, as a strategy of combating the threat of communism in Japan, the US occupation and the Japanese government allowed these nationalists and the sense of racial purity to remain and fester in modern Japan in order to fight the more liberal emerging left-wing of Japan. Most people agreed that Japanese needed to increase immigration to deal with the population and aging problem, but that with this latent racism and intolerance for diversity immigration would not work well.

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伊藤攘一についてちょっと一言、

この方はなんていうかな、visionaryでprogressiveで21世紀の匂いする。 僕は個人的に大好きです。

ってか、俺と同じ匂いするって言いたいけど、でもそれは伊藤さんにかなり失礼かもしれない。

もう一つ、この人のブログは世界的に有名です
一番人気ある時は世界総合全言語ブログランキングの50位以内は入ってた
今は151位まで下がってしまたけど

それでも

色色の34,508位と比べたら大分マシだと思うで(笑)

ってか笑えない(泣)

伊藤攘一の:

Wikipediaプロフィル(英語)
Wikipediaプロフィル(日本語)
日本語ブログ
英語ブログ

色色の連関記事:

ナショナリズムという妄想に代わりえる妄想を求めて (09/26)
日本は外国人に平等な待遇してますが? (09/25)
日本は本当にODA大国ですか? (09/24)
日本で生まれた韓国人★ (10/23)
国無き人間と国無き人間組織 (11/02)

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フランスの暴動:文明の衝突よりも、人種差別だ


Free Image Hosting at www.ImageShack.us

以下は Ash,FukuyamaとRoy名学者三人がパリの”テロ”について書いたコラムです、

簡潔に言うと三人が言いたい事

「イスラムテロ、文明の衝突よりも、人種差別だ」

This Is Not Only a French Crisis – All of Europe Must Heed the Flames
By TIMOTHY GARTON ASH

A Year of Living Dangerously: Remember Theo van Gogh, and shudder for the future
By FRANCIS FUKUYAMA

Get French or Die Trying
By OLIVIER ROY

関連ポスト
サダム・フセインの絞首刑(無編集動画)
アメリカはなんの為にイラクを侵略した?
嘘つき! ドナルド・ラムズフェルド
テロリストのメンタリティー

It’s all self-interest


Economist are often criticised for their use of self interest as the bases for their discipline, because as the critics like to say we humans don’t always act on self-interest, in fact we often act against our self-interest. One example many critics argue, if self-interest model is true then individuals should move to where they are pay the most and tax the least and we should see tax districts competing for talents by reducing tax. Since this is not true, tax districts are not always reducing tax and talents are not always on the move hunting for the best deal, therefore there is a problem with self-interest. Critics argue family ties, sense of belonging are sometime more important then material incentives

Let me say it up front – the critics are simple wrong. They don’t get economics or self-interest. Talents stay even if they are tax higher or pay less precisely because family ties and sense of belonging are considered to be self-interest and calculated accordingly. Emotional wealth felt by being with ones family and feeling belong to certain community is calculated along with monetary materialistic incentives, its all self-interest.

The problem with some economist’s use of self-interest is that their definition of “interest” is incompletely when only material interest in taken into consideration. Part of the problem is that extra-material interest is hard to calculate. Hopefully advance in neuroscience will change this. I have already heard about interesting projects that combine economics with neuroscience.

It’s interesting to note that Daniel Kahneman, who won a Nobel in Economics a few years ago, was a psychologist. And Adam Smith – the father of modem economics was a philosopher. Monetary interest calculation is only one part of economics.

Untimely economics is about society, human and its interaction with each other and the reality. It’s more than math!!!!!

——————————————————–

This is my first entry in my Global Standard for a long long time, as I have said in previous entries, I having spending time on my Japanese blog, I think its about time I turn my attention back to GS or another English blog… another English blog did u say? Yeah I am kind of thinking about starting another one, I am not very happy with Blogger. Which is properly one of the reason why having spending so much time away from it.

note this Blogger webmasters!!!!

A blog platform without trackback and categories is just not good enough!!!!

アメリカはなんの為にイラクを侵略した?


アメリカはなんの為にイラクを侵略した?
保安の為?それとも石油?

2004に実行された、アメリカの国際関係学者アンケート調査による

2003、戦争が始まる前に、80%の学者はイラクを侵略するべきじゃないと思っていた。

そして87%の学者によると、イラクを侵略した事によってアメリカの保安を減少させる

以下はそのアンケート調査の一部と僕のいけてない翻訳

59) Based on your expert knowledge of international relations―rather than your political, moral, religious, or other beliefs―in the Spring of 2003 did you believe that the United States should go to war in Iraq? N=822

2003年の春(年初)にイラクを侵略するべきだと思った?

62)Based on your expert knowledge of international relations―rather than your political, moral, religious, or other beliefs―do you currently believe that the U.S. decision to go to war with Iraq will end up enhancing U.S. security or making the United States less secure? N=816

イラクを侵略した事によってアメリカ保安を大いに強化するが減少させる?

じゃ理由は石油? それも微妙だと思います。

何故かというと、石油が欲しかったら買えばよかったやん!!

Linda Bilmes assistant secretary at the Department of Commerce (米前商務省次官)よるともしこれからこの戦争が5年間続いたら、総合的にこの戦争は1兆3000億USドル費やする。 それくらい在れば石油をいっぱい買えたはず、しかも戦争が始まってから石油の値段は何倍上がった、下がってはいない。

でも、他に石油と関連する侵略動機もあるけど、石油のコントロール、石油会社の利益。僕から見たらその二つとも動機として成立しにくい。

最終的に戦争が始まるには色んな人が賛成して支持しないといけない、

そして、

賛成した、一般市民、国会議員、ホワイト‐ハウス、官僚に人それぞれの動機があるのだと考える。

たから、アメリカは何の為にイラクを攻めたっていう質問よりも

アメリカがイラクを攻めた理由の中で、最も大きな動機は何?

誰が何の動機(s)でイラクを攻めるのを賛成した?

確かなの答えは知らないですが、

たが

2003年湾岸戦争は
間違いなくこれからずっと歴史学者によって研究される謎な戦争である。  

この記事は僕の英語のブログからとった物です

American international relation expects view on the Iraq war (21.08.05)

If not for oil, for what? (21.08.05)

情報源:

Teaching and Research Practices, Views on the Discipline, and Policy Attitudes of International Relations Faculty at U.S. Colleges and Universities
この調査した人はFOREIGN POLICYにも同じ事について記事を書いた

The Trillion-Dollar War(無料な登録は必要ぽい)

関連ポスト
サダム・フセインの絞首刑(無編集動画)
嘘つき! ドナルド・ラムズフェルド
フランスの暴動:文明の衝突よりも、人種差別だ
テロリストのメンタリティー

テロリストのメンタリティー


以下の文は
俺が今まで読んだ(一部の)イスラム過激派テロリストのメンタリティーについて一番よく説明できてる文の一つです、

英語読める人、テロリストについて興味持ってる人は是非読んでくでださい

作者フランシス・フクヤマは「End of History」(歴史の終わり)を書いた人る
現在学術のトップな人中出一番僕の考えるに近い人だと思ってる。

A Year of Living Dangerously
Remember Theo van Gogh, and shudder for the future.

BY Francis FUKUYAMA
Wednesday, November 2, 2005 12:01 a.m. EST

One year ago today, the Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh had his throat ritually slit by Mohamed Bouyeri, a Muslim born in Holland who spoke fluent Dutch. This event has totally transformed Dutch politics, leading to stepped-up police controls that have now virtually shut off new immigration there. Together with the July 7 bombings in London (also perpetrated by second generation Muslims who were British citizens), this event should also change dramatically our view of the nature of the threat from radical Islamism.

We have tended to see jihadist terrorism as something produced in dysfunctional parts of the world, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan or the Middle East, and exported to Western countries. Protecting ourselves is a matter either of walling ourselves off, or, for the Bush administration, going “over there” and trying to fix the problem at its source by promoting democracy.

There is good reason for thinking, however, that a critical source of contemporary radical Islamism lies not in the Middle East, but in Western Europe. In addition to Bouyeri and the London bombers, the March 11 Madrid bombers and ringleaders of the September 11 attacks such as Mohamed Atta were radicalized in Europe. In the Netherlands, where upwards of 6% of the population is Muslim, there is plenty of radicalism despite the fact that Holland is both modern and democratic. And there exists no option for walling the Netherlands off from this problem.

We profoundly misunderstand contemporary Islamist ideology when we see it as an assertion of traditional Muslim values or culture. In a traditional Muslim country, your religious identity is not a matter of choice; you receive it, along with your social status, customs and habits, even your future marriage partner, from your social environment. In such a society there is no confusion as to who you are, since your identity is given to you and sanctioned by all of the society’s institutions, from the family to the mosque to the state.

The same is not true for a Muslim who lives as an immigrant in a suburb of Amsterdam or Paris. All of a sudden, your identity is up for grabs; you have seemingly infinite choices in deciding how far you want to try to integrate into the surrounding, non-Muslim society. In his book “Globalized Islam” (2004), the French scholar Olivier Roy argues persuasively that contemporary radicalism is precisely the product of the “deterritorialization” of Islam, which strips Muslim identity of all of the social supports it receives in a traditional Muslim society.

The identity problem is particularly severe for second- and third-generation children of immigrants. They grow up outside the traditional culture of their parents, but unlike most newcomers to the United States, few feel truly accepted by the surrounding society.

全文へ(これ以上カットペースしたら著作権を引っ掛かってしまう)
もし本文を表示しなかったら、多分無料な登録しないといけないと思います。

関連情報:

この時代の最強兵器:理想

十年早い ~自由主義への逆流~

関連ポスト
サダム・フセインの絞首刑(無編集動画)
アメリカはなんの為にイラクを侵略した?
嘘つき! ドナルド・ラムズフェルド
フランスの暴動:文明の衝突よりも、人種差別だ